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QR84: The National Assembly Building

The National Assembly Building was built in 2009 and put into use in 2014, located on Độc Lập Street, overlooking Hồ Chí Minh Mausoleum and next to Thăng Long Imperial Citadel.

Image of the National Assembly Building

After completion, the National Assembly Building formed a cultural complex in the historic Ba Đình area that is designed to help the public and tourists enjoy cultural heritage. The area includes Hồ Chí Minh Mausoleum; Hồ Chí Minh Museum; Hồ Chí Minh Presidential Palace Historical Site; the National Assembly Building; the Archaeological Site of Thăng Long Imperial Citadel (No. 18 Hoàng Diệu); Hanoi Citadel and the One Pillar Pagoda.
The National Assembly Building’s design is complied with international construction standards, with a total ground size of 102m x 102m, 39 meters high with 5 stories, 13 meters deep with 2 basements, and the total floor area for all 7 stories is about 63,000 square meters. The architects of the Federal Republic of Germany, have based on the concept of Vietnamese cultural symbols on harmonious and common integration of the circle for the Sun/Father and the square for the Earth/Mother into the design of this building.

 
Image of the National Assembly Building

Overall, the National Assembly Building is designed in square architecture style that covers 100 large and small meeting rooms, including 63 meeting rooms for 63 National Assembly delegations from all provinces and cities across the country. These meeting rooms are named after the names of the provinces/cities and are located on the first, second and fourth floors of the building. The room’s size is designed to reflect the numbers of representatives from per province/city). In addition, there are other 170 working rooms, 160 service rooms and 90 technical rooms. Each room can be operated separately or at the same time with others. Thus, the electrical system and the information and auxiliary control systems serving the National Assembly Building require high synchronization, assure security and safety and still be economical.

 
Image of Diên Hồng Hall – main meeting hall of the National Assembly Building

The whole building is equipped with servers, workstations, switches, digital switchboards with 4,800 network nodes, 625 conference equipment and a voting data-collecting machine. The 5 above-ground stories and B1 basement are equipped with information poles to provide visitors and staff working in the building with information.

The National Assembly Building has 38 artworks, including 10 statues, 01 relief, 02 decorative woolen carpets, 30 paintings (2 lacquer paintings, 28 oil paintings) with the main themes on landscapes, natures and still life. The corridor on the third floor surrounding Diên Hồng Hall installs 10 sculptures and a large relief with the content of the historic Diên Hồng Conference. The selected artists are well-known painters and sculptors of Viet Nam’s fine arts namely painter Nguyễn Gia Trí (Hồ Chí Minh Prize, 2012), sculptor Tạ Quang Bạo, Lưu Danh Thanh, Nguyễn Phú Cường, painter Lê Anh Vân, Nguyễn Trọng Đoan (State Prize for Literature and Art) and other domestic and international award-winning artists such as Thành Chương, Phạm Luận, Đặng Xuân Hòa, Lê Trọng Lân, Lê Vân Hải, Vi Kiến Thành, Đoàn Thị Thu Hương, Hồng Việt Dũng, Lê Thông, Đào Quốc Huy, Mai Xuân Oanh, Phạm Hà Hải, Trấn Thành, Lê Văn Sửu, Nguyễn Ngọc Long.

Image of the National Assembly Building

The electricity and water system in the National Assembly Building is operated equivalent to a factory. All are located underground with a system of electrical cables about 970 km long, 94 km long of air ducts, cooling air ducts for the air conditioning system, about 53.7 km long of water supply, drainage, fire rescue pipelines and about 400 km long of signal, network cables. The building has 10 transformers with an output of 1,600KVA/machine; and 4 backup generators with an output of 2,000KVA.
There is a tunnel between the National Assembly Building and the headquarters of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs that is currently about 60 meters long, with a net height of 3.85 meters. The underground parking space has a capacity of about 550 vehicles, of which about 50 vehicles are for high-ranking leaders. The kitchen system ensures the capacity to serve more than 1,000 rations.
The National Assembly Building is designed with a lighting system that ensures a reasonably bright environment, attracting natural light from the roof, the holes to light up interior spaces. No place in the National Assembly Building is exposed to direct sunlight, even the building faces the West direction, thanks to the combination of the sun shading system, decorated with CNC laser cut aluminum panels outside the aluminum and glass frame) and the smart facade system.

 
Image of the National Assembly Building

The technology shortcomings in the National Assembly Building can be addressed and resolved in a strict and reasonable manner. Factors on energy saving, using solar energy, saving water, etc. are all resolved within the allowable limit.

The building’s facade is covered in light beige natural marbles, copper-colored glass and metal as well as wood materials. The color of the glass installed on the outside of the building is in harmony with the landscape but ensures that the details are not exposed from outside when the interior lighting system is turned on. Moreover, for the first time in Viet Nam, each glass panel is processed individually. The floor of the main meeting hall is installed with curving herringbone-style glass panels.

One special feature of the building is that the windows are bulletproof, fireproof, etc., provided by Schueco (Germany) distributed and installed by TID Group. Together with the intelligent heat and smoke exhaust system, when the central control system receives an emergency signal such as a fire, all doors will automatically open and the smoke and fire curtain systems will lower. Smoke and fire curtain systems with a large size of 5m x 6m are made of special materials, capable of preventing smoke and fire but allow people to escape in case of emergency.

 
Image of the National Assembly Building from far and above

There are a total of 14 miniature gardens located on the third floor and the East of the fourth floor to create a fresh and relaxed atmosphere for the visitors and staff of the building. 

ONA-JICA Project – Phase 2